Many parents may wonder when an atrial septal defect should be closed by surgery. The physician involved with the case will use several different factors to decide if your child needs surgery to close a hole in the heart. Surgery is not usually the first choice, because of the risk associated with anesthesia and other complications that might develop.
the doctor notices that there is persistence of the atrial septal heart
defect beyond 4 years of age, surgical intervention will be necessary.
Also, if your child has other heart defects, such as a ventricular
septal defect, or valvular anomalies, your physician will also encourage
you to choose surgery to treat your child’s condition.
with refractory congestive heart failure and a septal heart defect may
also be required to have surgery to treat their condition. Adults who
have this issue may also require an operation.
If your doctor
decides that repairs must be done to the heart in order to reduce
symptoms, they generally choose one of the following techniques:
They may make an incision in the chest and close the hole in the heart using a patch
or stitches. This is done under anesthesia and is referred to as open
2. They may insert a thin tube into a blood vessel
which leads from the arm or the groin and conduct treatment using this
tube. This is known as cardiac catheterization.
Source: Cdc.gov, "Facts About Atrial Septal Defect",